Special Education is a form of learning provided to students with exceptional needs, such as students with learning disabilities or mental challenges. Special Education is alternative instruction, support, and services provided for students who have academic, behavioral, health, physical or other unique needs beyond those met by traditional educational techniques.
Learning Disabilities are neurologically-based processing problems. These processing problems can interfere with learning basic skills such as reading, writing and or math.They can also interfere with higher level skills such as organization, time planning, abstract reasoning, long or short term memory and attention. There are many types of learning disabilities:- Dyslexia, Dyscalculia, Dysgraphia, Dyspraxia. This learning disability alters the way the brain processes the written word. Those with learning disability have difficulty reading, writing, spelling, maths.
A specific learning disability that affects a child’s ability to understand numbers and learn math facts.
A specific learning disability that affects reading and related language-based processing skills.
A specific learning disability that affects a child’s handwriting ability and fine motor skills.
Non-Verbal Learning Disabilities
Has trouble interpreting nonverbal cues like facial expressions or body language and may have poor coordination.
Verbal and Nonverbal communication can be affected by Autism. Where a person falls on the Autism Spectrum can affect their educational performance and social intraction. Autism may also fall under sensory-impaired special needs.
This genetic condition is caused by the presence of an extra chromosome in a person’s DNA and occurs by chance at conception. Early intervention is available, as children with Down syndrome will experience delays in mobility and educational development.
About 5 percent of school aged children are affected by this challenging disorder. The earlier the diagnosis the better, as ADD and ADHD can adversely affect a child’s educational experience.